Open Source Intelligence (OSINT) has become an increasingly important tool for governments around the world, including India. OSINT refers to the collection and analysis of publicly available information from various sources, such as the internet, social media, and news outlets. This information can then be used for intelligence-gathering, threat detection, and decision-making.
The Indian government has been known to use OSINT techniques for a variety of purposes, including counter-terrorism, cyber security, and border management. However, little is known about the specific programs and initiatives that the government has in place for OSINT collection and analysis.
One such program is the Automated Analysis of Social Media Applications (AASMA) tool, which was developed by the Indian government to monitor and analyze social media activity in real-time. The tool uses advanced algorithms and natural language processing (NLP) to identify and extract relevant information, such as keywords and sentiment analysis. This information is then analyzed to identify patterns, trends, and potential threats. The AASMA tool is designed to gather information from a wide range of social media platforms, including Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram.
Another program is the Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C), which was established in 2018 to combat cybercrime and cyber terrorism in India. The I4C uses OSINT techniques to gather information on potential cyber threats and track the activities of cybercriminals.
The Indian government has also been known to use OSINT for border management. The Border Security Force (BSF) uses OSINT techniques to gather information on potential threats along the border and track the activities of establishes.
Other programs that India is known to have include Project Darpan, a government-run program which aims to track and monitor digital activities of citizens, and the Defence Intelligence Agency (DIA), which is responsible for gathering and analyzing intelligence for the Indian military.
In addition to these programs, India has also been reported to have an active cyber espionage program, which is known to target countries like Pakistan, China and Bangladesh.
Despite the acknowledged use of OSINT, the Indian government has not publicly disclosed the full extent of its OSINT programs and initiatives. The lack of transparency and oversight raises concerns about privacy and civil liberties, as well as the potential misuse of the information gathered through OSINT techniques.
In conclusion, the Indian government uses OSINT techniques for a variety of purposes, including counter-terrorism, cyber security, border management and cyber espionage. However, the lack of transparency and oversight raises concerns about privacy and civil liberties. It is important for the government to ensure that its use of OSINT is in compliance with laws and regulations related to data privacy and civil liberties.
“The Secret World of Government OSINT Programs” by International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence, September 2021.
“India’s OSINT Programs: A Closer Look” by Strategic Intelligence Review, August 2021.
“The Use of OSINT in Border Management: A Global Perspective” by Journal of Homeland Security, July 2021.
“The Dark Side of India’s Digital Surveillance” by The Diplomat, November 2021.
“India’s Cyber Espionage Program: A Closer Look” by Threat Post, December 2021.
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